Technology & Infrastructure
Northeast ecosystem component
An important component of social systems is culture. Culture includes tools, technology, and infrastructure used in that social system. For commercial and recreational fishing, shoreside infrastructure includes docks, marinas, bait and tackle stores, boatyards, net makers, ice houses, chandleries (that supply ships’ stores, spare parts, and other items), and processing plants. Tools include gear (like hook and line, traps, pots, nets, and dredges) (see Nédélec and Prado (1)), fishing locating technology like LORAN (that uses ultrasonic pulses)2, vessel monitoring systems3, marine radio4, and satellite phones. Fishing vessels come in many designs and sizes (usually measured by length or gross registered tonnage). In the Northeast, commercial vessels tend to be under 100 ft in length and may be as small as 30 ft in length.
- 1. Nédélec, Claude, and J. Prado. "Definition and classification of fishing gear categories. Définition et classification des categories d’engins de péche. Definición y clasificación de las diversas categorías de artes de pesca." FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 222 (1990).
- 2. Holland, Kim, Richard Brill, Scott Ferguson, Randolph Chang, and Reuben Yost. "A small vessel technique for tracking pelagic fish." Mar. Fish. Rev 47, no. 4 (1985): 26-32.
- 3. Lee, Janette, Andy B. South, and Simon Jennings. "Developing reliable, repeatable, and accessible methods to provide high-resolution estimates of fishing-effort distributions from vessel monitoring system (VMS) data." ICES Journal of Marine Science 67, no. 6 (2010): 1260-1271.
- 4. Lees, Graham, and William Williamson. Handbook for marine radio communication. Informa Law from Routledge, 2013.