Northeast ecosystem component


Organizations can be temporary (a fishing association formed to lobby on a specific regulation) or long-term (like the Gloucester Fishermen’s Wives Association or Massachusetts Lobstermen’s Association). Fishing cooperatives may be intermittent then close (like the Point Judith (RI) Cooperative) or the long-term (like the Point Pleasant and Belford (NJ) Cooperatives)1-3. Though cooperative-like, groundfish sector members do not necessarily share a common hometown or port of landing4. One factor in the success of all these organizations is social networks (aka social capital/social bonds) – social connections to others in the organization and outside people of influence5,6. Stronger social bonds aid in coping with adversity7.


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    1. 1. Poggie, John J. "Maritime Anthropology: Socio-Cultural Analysis of Small-Scale Fishermen's Cooperatives: Introduction." Anthropological Quarterly (1980): 1-3.

    2. 2. Taylor, Michael. "Cooperation and rationality: Notes on the collective action problem and its solutions." The limits of rationality (1990): 222-249.

    3. 3. Pérez-Ramírez, Mónica, Germán Ponce-Díaz, and Salvador Lluch-Cota. "The role of MSC certification in the empowerment of fishing cooperatives in Mexico: The case of red rock lobster co-managed fishery." Ocean & coastal management 63 (2012): 24-29.

    4. 4. Olson, Julia, and Patricia Pinto Da Silva. "Changing boundaries and institutions in environmental governance: perspectives on sector management of the Northeast US groundfish fishery." Maritime Studies 13, no. 1 (2014): 3.

    5. 5.Holland, Daniel S., Andrew W. Kitts, Patricia Pinto Da Silva, and Joshua Wiersma. "Social capital and the success of harvest cooperatives in the New England groundfish fishery." Marine Resource Economics 28, no. 2 (2013): 133-153.

    6. 6. Hawkins, Robert L., and Katherine Maurer. "Bonding, bridging and linking: how social capital operated in New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina." British Journal of Social Work 40, no. 6 (2009): 1777-1793.

    7. 7. Clay, Patricia M., Lisa L. Colburn, and Tarsila Seara. "Social bonds and recovery: An analysis of Hurricane Sandy in the first year after landfall." Marine Policy 74 (2016): 334-340