Define Ecosystem Management Goals & TargetsThe IEA process involves manager engagement to identify critical ecosystem management goals and targets to be addressed through and informed by the IEA approach. The rest of the process is driven by these defined objectives. Engagement is continual throughout the entire IEA process.
Develop Ecosystem IndicatorsIndicators represent key components in an ecosystem and allow change to be measured. They provide the basis to assess the status and trends in the condition of the ecosystem or of an element within the system. Indicators are essential for all subsequent steps in the IEA approach.
Assess EcosystemEcosystem indicator data are assessed together to evaluate overall ecosystem status and trends relative to ecosystem management goals & targets. Individual indicators are assessed to determine the underlying cause for the observed ecosystem status & trends.
Analyze & Evaluate Uncertainty & risk
Ecosystem analyses and models evaluate risk to the indicators and thus the ecosystem posed by human activities and natural processes. These methods incorporate the degree of uncertainty in each indicator's response to pressures. This determines incremental improvements or declines in ecosystem indicators in response to changes in drivers and pressures and to predict the potential that an indicator will reach or remain in an undesirable state.Uncertainty & Risk
Management Strategy Evaluation
MSE is useful to help resource managers consider the system trade-offs and potential for success in reaching a target which helps make informed decisions. It uses simulation through ecosystem modeling to evaluate the potential of different management strategies to influence the status of natural and human system indicators and to achieve our stated ecosystem objectives.